Natural Stone

Any kind of stone which has been harvested from its original place of deposition in the earth, then cut and machined into final products without alteration to the internal fabric of the material.

For millions of years, a combination of heat and pressure created blocks of natural stone, including granite, marble, travertine, limestone, and slate. As the earth’s crust began to grow and erode, it pushed minerals up from its core, forming massive rock deposits, which we refer to as “quarries”.

Our natural stone, tiles and pavers cut from blocks of stone extracted from quarries around the world. These blocks of stone are cut into slabs by block cutters and water-cooled gang saws. Each slab is then produced based on its required surface finish, cut into various thicknesses and sizes. In the end, this process will offer final product of natural stones with timeless authentic beauty

Marble

Marble is a metamorphic stone formed when limestone is subjected to intense heat, pressure and chemical solutions, causing the stone to reform into an interlocking structure of calcite, aragonite, and sometimes dolomite crystals.

Marble formed from very pure limestone is white, but the presence of other minerals, as well as clay, silt and sand, can give it richly varied coloration.

Granite

Granite is an igneous rock that forms when magma cools slowly beneath the earth’s surface, forming large, easily visible crystals of quartz, feldspar,

and mica. Scientifically, an intrusive (plutonic) igneous rock must contain between 10% and 50% quartz to be classified as granite, but other similar stones such as gabbro, diabase, anorthosite, sodalite, gneiss, and basalt are sometimes sold as “granite” commercially.

Travertine

Travertine  is a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs,, especially hot springs,. Travertine often has a fibrous or concentric  appearance and exists in white, tan, cream-colored, and even rusty varieties. It is formed by a process of rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, often at the mouth of a hot spring or in a limestone cave. 

In the latter, it can form stalactites, stalagmites, and other speleothems. Travertine is a terrestrial sedimentary rock,  formed by the precipitation of carbonate minerals from solution in ground and surface waters, or geothermally heated hot-springs. Similar (but softer and extremely porous) deposits formed from ambient-temperature water are known as tufa.

Andesite

Andesite is a term that refers to sedimentary rocks, like sandstone or limestone that appear blue-grey in colour. Andesite is a basalt or olivine basal. When wet or freshly cut, andesite usually appears grey, however, it’s also available in many other colours.

Limestone

Limestone is sedimentary rocks composed of calcium carbonate, plus calcium and/or magnesium. 

It is formed when layers of minerals (particularly calcite), fine sediment, and the skeletons and shells of marine organisms undergo lithification. Terrestrially-formed limestone is known as travertine.

Sandstone

Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed when layers of eroded sediment are compressed and cemented with minerals through lithification. 

The stone is composed mainly of sand-sized grains, or clasts, of quartz cemented with silica, calcium carbonate, or iron oxide.

Terrazzo

Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of marble, quartz, granite, glass, or other suitable material, poured with a cementitious binder (for chemical binding), polymeric (for physical binding), or a combination of both.

Slate

Slate is metamorphic deposits that evolves from sedimentary rock consisting of clay or volcanic ash. 

While typically composed of numerous minerals, the predominant constituents include quartz and muscovite.

Quartz

Quartz is one of the most common minerals in the Earth’s crust. As a mineral name, quartz refers to a specific chemical compound (silicon dioxide, or silica, SiO2), having a specific crystalline form (hexagonal). It is found is all forms of rock: igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. Quartz is physically and chemically resistant to weathering. 

When quartz-bearing rocks become weathered and eroded, the grains of resistant quartz are concentrated in the soil, in rivers, and on beaches. The white sands typically found in river beds and on beaches are usually composed mainly of quartz, with some white or pink feldspar as well.

Artificial Quartz Stone

is a composite material made of crushed stone bound together by an adhesive, (most commonly polymer resin, with some newer versions using cement mix). This category includes engineered quartz, polymer concrete and engineered marble stone. The application of these products depends on the original stone used. 

For engineered marbles the most common application is indoor flooring and walls, while the quartz based product is used primarily for kitchen countertops as an alternative to laminate or granite. Related materials include geopolymers and cast stone. Unlike terrazzo, the material is factory made in either blocks or slabs, cut and polished by fabricators, and assembled at the worksite.